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Table of Contents > Health Dictionary > Rift Valley fever virus

Rift Valley fever virus

A virus of the genus Phlebovirus (family Bunyaviridae) that occurs in central and southern Africa in sheep, goats, and cattle, causing abortions and severe febrile disease, especially in young lambs; humans, especially herdsmen and veterinarians, may become infected through close contact with infected animals, developing a denguelike disease; the virus also infects buffaloes, camels, and antelope; it is mosquito borne, but also probably infects by contact and respiratory tract.